人教新课标版必修1 Unit1 Friendship the 5th period
T：This period is aim to train the students’ skill of extensive reading. To keep the pace of modern society，we have to be qualified in this way. We should have the ability to get more information in limited time，thus having a wide range of knowledge and renew our knowledge all the time so as to be able to adapt ourselves to the changing time. At the same time，we will learn about friendship in different areas. While dealing with this task，we are going to finish another listening task in workbook exercise.
paradise，live in peace，with understanding
Train the students’ ability to read fast.
To know “unity is strength”.Have a good knowledge of foreign culture.
To cultivate the students’ skill of extensive reading.
How to improve the students’ ability to read fast.
a record，a blackboard，a project connected to a computer
T：In the previous periods，we talked much about friends and true friendship. First I’d like to check the answers on Page 41 and 42.Look at using words and expressions. Now I have a question for you to answer. If you have a chance to pay a visit to America，what places are you fond of visiting？
S1：I like traveling to Disney Land，which is full of interesting things.
S2：I want to have a look at Yellow Stone Park.
S3：I like the city of Hawaii，in which I can enjoy many wonderful things.
T：Yes，it is a beautiful city and people there are friendly too.（show some pictures on the screen） Do you want to know Hawaiians’ attitude towards friendship？
T：Let’s read a passage about it. Before reading it，go through the first exercise on Page 45.What aloha，kokua，lei，lokahi ando hana mean？Are you clear？
T：Begin please.（after some time） Have you finished your reading？
T：What does Aloha mean？
S1：Aloha means “to be with happiness”.
T：Quite right.What about others？If you can，stand up and speak out your answer？
S2：Lokahi means “oneness with all people”.
S3：Kokua means help.
S4：Ohana means family.
S5：Lei means “to put over a friend’s neck”.
T：You are all right.This time read the passage again to get detailed information.Read the questions in exercise 2.After reading it，try to find answers to them.
You may begin.
Suggested answers：1.It is aloha.
The second way of showing friendship is lokahi.
Their third way of showing friendship is kokua.
Because they think that the land is for everyone who lived on it.
Each person gives help to other people.
When problems happen，people are asked to solve them with understanding.
Yes，I can.People in our city are ready to give help to visitors，such as，showing the way，dealing with them with understanding.
T：To get the main idea of a passage，what do we have to do？
S1：Find out the main words.
S2：Pay attention to the first or the last sentence in a paragraph.
T：When we are reading such a passage，keep it in mind that grasping the key words is the most important.Do you think there is a generation between you and your parents？
S1：Yes，we often hold different views about the same thing.
S2：My parents often misunderstand what I think and what I do.
T：Next we are going to listen to a story between Anne and her father.What happened between them？Let’s listen to it.
T：What are their different ideas？
T：Do you think Anne should follow her father’s ideas？
S1：I agree with her father. In my view，parents have more experiences than we，so they can solve a problem in a better way.
S2：I don’t agree with her father. Anne and this boy are lonely. They need ...friends to share feelings.
T：Thank you for your wonderful ideas. Now imagine Anne needs your advice. Think of the things she might say to her father to persuade him.
S1：The boy has the same feeling as I. We have a lot in common.
S2：Talking to him makes me happy.
S3：We can learn from each other. He is a clever boy.
T：...So，when you have a problem with your parents，please calm down. Have a peace talk with them instead of quarreling with each other. In this period，note the phrases：live in peace，with understanding.
Step 4 Homework
Surf the Internet to get more information.
Unit 1 Friendship
The Fifth Period
Phrases wonderful ideas
1.live in peace...
Design a poster about Hawaii to see which is the best one. Whose poster will attract visitors most. The aim is to develop students’ imagination and encourage them to be willing to make things.
Friends play an important part in our lives，and although we may take the fact of friendship for granted，we often don’t clearly understand how we make friends. While we get on well with a number of people，we are usually friends with only a very few—for example；the average among students is about 6 per person.
Moreover，a great many relationships come under the general term “friendship”.In all cases，two people like one another and enjoy being together，but beyond that，the degree of closeness between them and the reasons for them in each other vary greatly.
At the beginning，much depends on how people meet，and on good first impressions. As we get to know people，we consider things like age，race，looks，economic and social status，and intelligence. Although these factors are not of the greatest importance，it is more difficult to have a good relationship with people when there is a big difference in age and background.
We pay attention to actual behavior，facial expression，and the way a person speaks. Friends will stand closer together and will spend more time looking at each other than ordinary acquaintances. Smiles and soft voices also express friendliness，and it is because they may give the wrong signals that shy people often have difficulty in making friends. A friendly look with the wrong facial expression can turn into an unfriendly stare，and nervousness may be wrongly understood as unfriendliness. People who do not look one in the eye are not trusted when，in fact，they simply do not have confidence.
Some relationships are a result of argument and discussion，but it is usual for close friends to have the same ideas and beliefs，the same opinions and interests—they often talk about “being on the same wavelength”.The more closely involved people become，the more they depend on to make allowances for each other，to put up with annoying habits，and to accept differences in opinion. Imagine going on a long trip with someone you occasionally meet for a drink!
In contrast with marriage，there are no friendship ceremonies to strengthen the relationship between two people. But the mutual support and understanding that results from shared experiences and emotions does seem to create a close and lasting relationship，which can overcome differences in background，and break down barriers of age，class or race.
Select the most appropriate answer for each of the following questions.
1.According to the passage，a friend is ____________.
A. somebody we usually take for granted
B. a person with whom we often go out with
C. someone with whom we occasionally go for a long trip
D. not just anybody we get on well with
2.Which of the following factors does the author believe is very important in developing friendship？
A. Age and background. B. Economic and social position.
C. Race and looks. D. Same interests and behavior.
3.The passage tells us that sometimes a face with the wrong expression could be mistaken as a sign of____________.
A. nervousness B. confidence
C. unfriendliness D. distrust[来源:学,科,网]
4.By saying that “Some relationships are a result of argument and discussion” （Line 1，Para.5），the author means that____________.
A. bad relationships are a result of argument and discussion
B. connections with people can be developed through discussion and argument
C. argument and discussion can lead to improving personal relationships
D. arguing and discussing things will sometimes result in friendship
5.When people talk about “being on the same wavelength”，they mean that____________.
A. they watch the same TV programs[来源:Z,xx,k.Com]
B. they are the same in all respects
C. they listen to the same radio programs
D. they understand and agree with each other
6.According to the passage，a person “one occasionally meets for a drink” is____________. A. not a close friend B. someone one doesn’t often see
C. not a friend D. a person one dislikes
7. We learn from the passage that____________.
A. friendship can overcome differences in experiences
B. there are no special ceremonies to strengthen friendship
C. putting up with differences in opinion can lead to friendship
D. friendship can be strengthened by smiles and soft voices
（答案：D A C D D A B）
（Reading Time：8 minutes）
A high school history teacher once told us，“If you make one close friend in school，you will be most fortunate. A true friend is someone who stays with you for life.” Experience teachers that he was right. Good friendships are just not easily formed. Why？
One reason is that it is easy to move around in our society. Mr. Darrell Sifford，a news reporter for the Washington Daily，has been studying and talking about friendship for a number of years. He reports what one woman thought about the effect of ease of movement on friendship：
“I was nine，and we’d just moved from South Carolina to New Jersey，and I didn’t know anybody. My mother had a way of getting to the root of things and she said to me，Amelia，I know you’re feeling bad because you don’t have any friends. But you can fix that. Just walk across the street—I know there’s a girl about your age over there—and knock on the door and ask her to be your friends.”
She added that going about it directly always worked when she was a child. But as she left childhood，she found that the simple direct approach was more and more difficult for her to follow. So，as an adult，Amelia longed to have friends but her hands were tied when it came to doing anything about it. The problem，according to her，is that society teachers us in a number of ways that direct action is not an acceptable way of doing things. We need to be less direct so that our feelings will not be hurt if our offer of friendship is refused.
Mr. Sifford goes on to describe his own ideas on the subject：
“To most of us，friendship is very important，but we need to have clear in our own minds the kinds of friendships we want. Are they to be very close or kept at arm’s length？Do we want to share ourselves or do we want walk on the surface？”
“For some people，an ordinary friendship is enough—and that’s all right. But at some point we need to make sure that what we expect from the friendship is the same as what our friends expect from it. If one wants more from the friendship than the other，and if this is not talked about，one is likely eventually to feel that he’s not being given enough attention.”
“The sharing of close friend secrets，including our fears as well as our dark dreams，is the surest way to deepen friendships. But the process must be gone through slowly and continued only if there are signs of interest and our efforts are answered.”
What are some of the problems in forming friendships？According to Mr. Sifford，the biggest problem is to expect too much too soon. Deep relationships take time. Another “big difficulty” is to think one “possesses” the other and that he should spend all his time only with you. Similarly，friendships require action of developing friendship. Unless you spend enough time together，talking on the phone，writing letters，doing things together，friendships will gradually fade away.
Why is it so difficult to form friendships？Perhaps it is possible，as Mr. Sifford states，that we simply do not stay in one place long enough for a true friendship to develop. However，we all agree that each of us should think carefully about the kind of friendships we want. As in all inter-personal relationships，success depends on the kind of friendship we expect to have，openness to others，and a willingness to experiment.
Select the most appropriate answer for each of the following questions.
1. It is not easy to form a friendship because____________.
A. ease of movement prevents the development of friendship
B. friends seldom stay with you for life
C. our society has gone through too many changes
D. all friendships should be close friendships[来源:学科网]
2.By saying that “My mother had a way of getting to the root of things”，the author means that____________.
A. her mother could always find friends for her
B. her mother had a way of making friends with people
C. her mother was able to find the cause of things
D. her mother was able to solve difficult problems
3.According to the passage，the direct approach usually does not work with____________.
A. children B. schoolmates C. girls like Amelia D. adults
4.When forming friendships，one should____________.
A. not be afraid of being refused
B. avoid trying to control a friend’s life
C. not take too much of a friend’s time[来源
D. not be too impatient
5. The main point we learn from the passage is ____________.
A. willingness to experiment is the key to close friendships
B. openness to others is important in inter-personal relationship
C. direct offers of friendship are not easily accepted
D. good friendships are not easily formed
（答案：A C D B D）
（Reading Time：5 minutes）